If you are paraphrasing a concept from another book, you just need to provide the author and year of publication in your in-text reference, although APA recommends that you additionally include the page number (although it is not required). For example, if I were citing this paraphrase: "Reading poetry can be a great way to learn about love and loss because poets have to use words well to express these ideas," I would put the following into my paper: Barthes, S. (2001). A Lover's Discourse: Pierre Bourdieu. New York, NY: Columbia University Press. Page 93.
In this case, the page number would be helpful for readers to find the exact passage that I am referring to, but it is not necessary. Note that in this example, I was referencing only one passage; if I were to quote multiple passages or concepts within the book, I would need to give more detail in my in-text citation. For example, if I were to quote several lines from different places in the book, I would need to provide multiple in-text citations.
This type of citation is different from a paraphrase because a summary should not re-state the idea or concept being summarized.
Table of Contents
- How do you cite a paraphrase in APA?
- How do you paraphrase credit in APA?
- What is the correct APA citation for a quote from a book?
- How do you do in-text citations for APA in Word?
- How to cite a source in APA format?
- How do you alphabetize citations in APA?
- When do you need to cite the Bible in APA?
How do you paraphrase credit in APA?
When paraphrasing, you must still include a parenthetical citation to show where you received the concept. The author and date must be included when attributing paraphrased content, according to APA. It's also a good idea (but not essential) to provide the page number.
You can identify original material by its lack of a parenthetical citation. If you're unsure whether or not something is original, look for evidence that it has been cited before. If it has, then it probably relies on some other work for its ideas which will make it appropriate for use as a source.
Paraphrasing is the act of rewriting someone else's words without giving them credit. This includes summarizing information from multiple sources into one document, quoting parts of books and articles, and expressing complex ideas in simple language. In academic writing, paraphrasing is important because it shows that you have understood the topic well enough to explain it yourself. Without using another's work as a source, how would anyone know?
The best way to avoid plagiarism is to quote others accurately and attribute your sources. If you don't, you run the risk of being accused of plagiarism yourself. This could result in your reputation being damaged even though you were not aware that you were doing anything wrong.
What is the correct APA citation for a quote from a book?
APA In-Text Citation: The author's last name and the year of publication are used in the APA in-text citation style, for example: (Field, 2005). Include the page number for direct quotations, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14). For sources that do not contain page numbers, such as websites and e-books, use a paragraph number. Do not put the date of publication before the author's name; this is considered old style formatting.
For books that have been published more than one year ago, it is acceptable to use the title instead of the author's name and year of publication in the in-text citation. For example, if the book was published in 2010, then you would write: (Blum, 2010) for its title.
For articles that have been published more than one year ago, it is acceptable to use the author's last name and the year of publication in the in-text citation. For example, if the article was published in 2015, then you would write: (O'Brien, 2015) for its author's last name and year of publication.
If the book or article has not been published yet, you must use the author's last name and the year of publication as well as the title or abstract. For example, if the book has not been published but its title is "My New Book", then you would write: (Schwartz, 2005) for its author's last name and the year of publication.
How do you do in-text citations for APA in Word?
The APA in-text citation style, for example, employs the author's last name and the year of publication, as in: (Field, 2005). In general, use only lowercase letters for the author's last name and remove any punctuation except full stops (periods). Do not include titles or subtitle information in the text citation. Only include them in the endnotes.
In addition to the proper in-text citation, there are other elements that should be included in word processing files when working with sources using the APA format. These include a works cited page at the end of the document containing the list of all sources used in the paper with their corresponding pages. Again, follow the APA guidelines by including the date of publication after each source and removing any punctuation except full stops.
Finally, ensure that your file is saved as a PDF document before submitting it. Although not essential, many universities require papers to be submitted in this format.
How to cite a source in APA format?
For sources that do not contain page numbers, such as websites and e-books, use a paragraph number, such as: (Field, 2005, para. 1). The APA Style and Grammar Guidelines web page has more information about direct citation of sources without pagination.
How do you alphabetize citations in APA?
Yes, an APA reference page is alphabetized by the author's last name. When there are many writers with the same last name, they are alphabetized by the first or middle initial. Use the publication year when you have numerous sources by the same author. For example, if I were to refer to Jones et al. (2003), I would list it as 2003JE because that is how it is published.
There are two ways to format your references in APA: one for print and another for online sources. For print sources, follow these steps:
1. Select the type of reference you are making from the drop-down menu. In this case, it is a bibliography or reference list.
2. Click on the "Bibliography" button in Microsoft Word. The Bibliography dialog box appears.
3. In the Title field, type the name of the book, journal, or article you are referencing. If there is more than one work by the same author, type each one separately. If the source is available on line, click on the "Online" link. The URL address will now be displayed in the Title field.
4. Type a description of the material you are referencing in the Description field. This information will appear at the bottom of the bibliography or reference list.
When do you need to cite the Bible in APA?
You must, however, add an in-text citation whenever you refer to these books in your essay. APA Bible References in the Text Include the "relevant titles and/or numbers of chapters/verses/lines" in your in-text citation when citing or paraphrasing particular portions from the book (Lee, 2009). In addition, when discussing a topic covered in one of these books, you should cite it also. Finally, when writing about people in the Bible, it is standard practice to include their names along with their relevant information, such as where and when they lived.
Citations in academic essays follow specific rules designed to ensure that readers can find all the sources you use while reading your paper. These rules include the author's last name and year published if available, the title of the work being cited, and its volume number if there is more than one edition published during the time period in which the study was conducted. If you are citing multiple sources for the same topic, it is necessary to give each source its own citation. These citations are called in-text citations.
In your essay, you should not rely on memory to provide these citations. Rather, follow this simple process: Find the page number for the passage or article you are referring to. Then, look back to see what book or section of the book it is found in. With that information, you can locate the proper citation within the text.
How do you cite a paraphrased source in APA? ›
When you write information from a source in your own words, cite the source by adding an in-text citation at the end of the paraphrased portion as follows: Mother-infant attachment became a leading topic of developmental research following the publication of John Bowlby's studies (Hunt, 1993).How do you cite a whole paraphrased paragraph in APA? ›
Long Paraphrases & Paragraphs
When paraphrasing or summarising using one source over several sentences or even a whole paragraph, cite the source in the first sentence. There is no need to cite the work again in this paragraph provided it is clear that this is the only source being paraphrased.
Instead, when paraphrasing a key point in more than one sentence within a paragraph, cite the source in the first sentence in which it is relevant and do not repeat the citation in subsequent sentences as long as the source remains clear and unchanged.How do you cite a large paraphrase in APA? ›
If a long paraphrase continues for several sentences, cite the source on first mention. It is not necessary to repeat the citation as long as the context of the writing makes it clear that the same work continues to be paraphrased. Velez et al.Do I need to cite if I paraphrase? ›
It is useful to paraphrase when your reader needs to understand or be exposed to the argument of another author in order to understand your argument. Paraphrasing ALWAYS requires a citation. Even if you are using your own words, the idea still belongs to someone else.Do you need to cite every sentence in APA? ›
Important to remember: You DO NOT need to add an in-text citation after EVERY sentence of your paragraph.How do you paraphrase correctly? ›
- Read the original source carefully. ...
- Identify the main point(s) and key words.
- Cover the original text and rewrite it in your own words. ...
- Write the paraphrase in your own style. ...
- Review your paraphrase to check it accurately reflects the original text but is in your words and style.
Known as paraphrasing, this tactic is the most popular one among students to represent while writing essays and other academic papers: they repeat versions of the source, not its exact words. Including the idea from the source in your work, rephrasing it with own words, and citing it.What are the 3 ways to paraphrase a sentence? ›
- Using synonyms (words that mean the same)
- Changing the form of words.
- Changing the grammatical structure.
- Using several techniques.
When citing the work of the same author multiple times in one paragraph, you do not need to reference the author at the end of each sentence. That would look clunky and make your writing stilted. Instead, introduce the author with a full in-text citation at the beginning of the paragraph and then, again, at the end.
How do you cite a paraphrase with more than one author? ›
APA in-text citations with multiple authors
If a work has two authors, separate their names with an ampersand (&) in a parenthetical citation or “and” in a narrative citation. If there are three or more authors, only include the first author's last name followed by “et al.”, meaning “and others”.
Acceptable paraphrasing expresses an idea in your own words and gives credit to the source. Paraphrases aim to replicate the writers intended meaning, while a summary compresses the original thought into fewer words. Changing only a few words or the structure of a sentence is considered unacceptable paraphrasing.Do you use paraphrasing quotes in APA 7? ›
Paraphrases and summaries do not use quotation marks and require the author's last name and year of publication. Page number is not required for paraphrases and summaries.What should you not do when paraphrasing? ›
- Don't paraphrase without really reading and understanding the source. ...
- Don't look at the original as you try to paraphrase. ...
- Don't change the meaning of ideas or take them out of context. ...
- Don't change only a few words here and there.
The general rule for paraphrasing and summarizing is that you should not repeat more than four sequential words from the original text, although some authorities have limited the number to three sequential words.How can you paraphrase without plagiarizing? ›
Paraphrasing is plagiarism if your text is too close to the original wording (even if you cite the source). If you directly copy a sentence or phrase, you should quote it instead. Paraphrasing is not plagiarism if you put the author's ideas completely in your own words and properly cite the source.What are two 2 basic rules for writing an APA citation? ›
Some basic rules: Put the references in alphabetical order, just like you would on a References page. Each annotation is a new paragraph below the reference entry. Indent the entire annotation, just like you would a block quote (using a quote that is more than 40 words).How do you avoid citing every sentence? ›
The best way to solve this problem and still make your paper easy to read is to use a lead-in referring to your source at the beginning of a sentence or at the start of the paragraph (signal phrase). You can alternate this with putting the in-text cite in parentheses at the end of other sentences or the paragraph.How many words can you use without citing? ›
Plagiarism: taking any sequence of more than three words without citing is stealing work from others. Taking an idea, image (photograph, table, or graph) without citing is also plagiarism and may also violate copyright laws.What is an example of a paraphrase statement? ›
Original: Giraffes like Acacia leaves and hay and they can consume 75 pounds of food a day. Paraphrase: A giraffe can eat up to 75 pounds of Acacia leaves and hay every day. Original: Any trip to Italy should include a visit to Tuscany to sample their exquisite wines.
Can you get in trouble for paraphrasing? ›
Paraphrasing without crediting the original author is a form of plagiarism, because you're presenting someone else's ideas as if they were your own. However, paraphrasing is not plagiarism if you correctly cite the source.What are three types of unacceptable paraphrasing? ›
- ORIGINAL SOURCE. ...
- UNACCEPTABLE PARAPHRASE: WORDING TOO CLOSE. ...
- UNACCEPTABLE PARAPHRASE: SENTENCE STRUCTURE TOO CLOSE. ...
- ACCEPTABLE PARAPHRASE.
Steps to Paraphrasing
Read the original text until you grasp its meaning; then set it aside. Using your memory, write down the main points or concepts. Do not copy the text verbatim. Change the structure of the text by varying the opening, changing the order of sentences, lengthening or shortening sentences, etc.
- Step 1: Read the text. Step 2: Remove the text. Step 3: Explain the text out loud.
- (Repeat Steps 1 and 2, if necessary.)
- Step 4: Write down your paraphrase.
- Step 5: Confirm facts, statistics, and spellings with the original text.
- 5 Steps to Paraphrasing.
- Author Ideas.
- © 2007 Smekens Education Solutions, Inc.
State the author's idea in your own words; paraphrases are usually one sentence in length at most. The sequence of ideas and the sentence structure or syntax need to be different from the source. Compare your paraphrase with the original.How do you in-text cite multiple sources in one sentence? ›
- When citing multiple works parenthetically, place the citations in alphabetical order, separating them with semicolons.
- (Adams et al., 2019; Shumway & Shulman, 2015; Westinghouse, 2017)
- Arrange two or more works by the same authors by year of publication.
Include both the original author and year and the author and year of the work where quote/idea was found in the in-text reference. Add "as cited in" before the author in the in-text reference. For example - (Harris, 2009, as cited in Lewis, 2019).How do you in-text cite something that is already cited APA? ›
Your in-text citation should include both authors: the author(s) of the original source and the author(s) of the secondary source. For example: (Habermehl, 1985, as cited in Kersten, 1987). In your reference list you should provide the details of the secondary source (the source you read).How do you cite multiple text in APA? ›
When your parenthetical citation includes two or more works, order them the same way they appear in the reference list (viz., alphabetically), separated by a semi-colon. If you cite multiple works by the same author in the same parenthetical citation, give the author's name only once and follow with dates.How do you cite two authors paraphrased in the same sentence? ›
Use the word "and" between the authors' names within the text and use the ampersand in parentheses. In subsequent citations, only use the first author's last name followed by "et al." in the signal phrase or in parentheses.
How do you quote someone else's paraphrase? ›
Citing unwritten sources quoted in another source
When making reference to the spoken words of someone other than the author recorded in a text, cite the name of the person and the name of the author, date and page reference of the work in which the quote or reference appears.
Answered By: Emily Thornton
The general idea is to cite the source once at the beginning and once at the end. If your paragraph is very long and there's any danger that your reader will get lost and wonder if it's the same source, throw another in-text citation in the middle of the paragraph as a reminder.
Include the author's name, the date, and the paragraph number, heading or section, or both in parentheses at the end of the sentence. Furthermore, the research "..." (Smith, 2019, para. 4). Furthermore, the research "..." (Smith, 2019, Emergencies section).How do you cite a long paragraph? ›
When citing two or more paragraphs, use block quotation format, even if the passage from the paragraphs is less than four lines.What should the citation include for all paraphrased and summarized content? ›
If you are paraphrasing or summarizing information from a source, APA only requires you to cite the author's last name and year of publication in your in-text citation.How do you cite the same source multiple times in APA? ›
When citing the work of the same author multiple times in one paragraph, you do not need to reference the author at the end of each sentence. That would look clunky and make your writing stilted. Instead, introduce the author with a full in-text citation at the beginning of the paragraph and then, again, at the end.Do you put in-text citations at the end of the sentence APA? ›
APA Style (7th ed.) Citations can appear "within or at the end of a sentence", depending on the placement of a quotation or an author's name (American Psychological Association [APA], 2020, p. 263).Can you put in-text citation at the end of a paragraph APA? ›
However, technically, APA demands that your reader knows exactly what information you got from someone else and when you start using it. Thus, an end-of-paragraph citation does not meet that requirement. Solution: Use a lead-in at the beginning of your paragraph.How many sentences are in a 7th paragraph APA? ›
Aim for three to five or more sentences per paragraph. Include on each page about two handwritten or three typed paragraphs. Make your paragraphs proportional to your paper. Since paragraphs do less work in short papers, have short paragraphs for short papers and longer paragraphs for longer papers.What should an APA 7th reference list look like? ›
For APA the reference list is arranged in alphabetical order of authors' surnames. Arrange by first author's name, then by second author if you have the same first author, etc. (check the page on Authors for how to lay out the reference if you have more than one author).
What are the 3 types of citations in APA style? ›
There are many different citation styles, but they typically use one of three basic approaches: parenthetical citations, numerical citations, or note citations.How many times should you cite in a paragraph? ›
In paragraphs that contain one overall instance of paraphrased information, “cite the source in the first sentence in which it is relevant and do not repeat the citation in subsequent sentences as long as the source remains clear and unchanged” (American Psychological Association, 2020, p. 254).How do you do APA in text citations? ›
When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, like, for example, (Jones, 1998). One complete reference for each source should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.What is the maximum length of a paragraph in APA? ›
There is no minimum or maximum sentence or paragraph length. Vary sentence and paragraph length, and avoid sentences and paragraphs that are too long. Paragraphs longer than one double-spaced page should be reorganized or broken up.Which is the correct format for a paraphrased in text citation? ›
When you paraphrase, cite the original work using either the narrative or parenthetical citation format.How do you quote paraphrase and summarize? ›
- Quotations must be identical to the original, using a narrow segment of the source. ...
- Paraphrasing involves putting a passage from source material into your own words. ...
- Summarizing involves putting the main idea(s) into your own words, including only the main point(s).